Faktor – faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian Abortus di RSUD Sungai Lilin kabupaten Musi Banyuasin tahun 2022

Faktor – faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian Abortus di RSUD Sungai Lilin kabupaten Musi Banyuasin tahun 2022

  • Penti Sundari Universitas Kader Bangsa
  • syarifah ismed
  • Eka Afrika
Keywords: Abortion incidence, age, parity, history of abortion, interval of pregnancies

Abstract

The Maternal Mortality Rate in Indonesia was recorded at 177 per 100 thousand live births in 2017. This ratio is better than dozens of previous years of more than 200 deaths per 100 thousand live births. Abortion is one of the complications of pregnancy with a percentage of 15-20% with 80% occurring in the first trimester (<13 weeks) and very few occurring in the second trimester. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the incidence of abortion related to maternal age, parity, history of abortion and the distance between pregnancies simultaneously with the incidence of abortion at Sungai Lilin Hospital, Musi Banyuasin district in 2022. The research method used an analytical survey with a cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all pregnant women who were treated in the midwifery room at Sungai Lilin Hospital, Musi Banyuasin Regency. In January-December 2022 there were 380 people. The research sample of 79 respondents was taken using simple random sampling technique. The research instrument uses a checklit sheet. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis using the chi square test. The results of the univariate study showed that of the 79 respondents who had an abortion, 56 respondents (70.9%) and 23 respondents (29.1%) who did not experience an abortion. From the bivariate analysis using the chi square test, the results showed that there was a relationship between maternal age (p value = 0.013), parity (p value = 0.008), history of abortion (p value = 0.023), and gestational spacing (p value = 0.003 with the incidence of abortion at Sungai Lilin Hospital, Musi Regency in 2022. It is hoped that the results of this study can be an illustration for the hospital to be able to further improve health services, especially regarding pregnant women patients with abortion events

References

Aidil Akbar. 2019. Faktor Penyebab Abortus di Indonesia Tahun 2010-2019. Bagian Obsetri Ginekologo Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara.
Andrea.L. 2021. Angka Kematian Ibu Indonesia Ketiga Tertinggi di Asia Tenggara. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/04/21/angka-kematian-ibu-indonesia-ketiga-tertinggi-di-asia-tenggara.
Asniar. 2022. Analisa Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Abortus. Tahun 2022. Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter UIN Alauddin Makasar, Indonesia.
BKKB No 24 Tahun 2017 Mengatur Tentang Pelayanan Keluarga Berencana, Pasca Persalinan, dan Pasca Keguguran.Jakarta:BKKBN.
Cunningham, F. G. (2018). Obstetri Williams. Edisi 23. Volume 1. Jakarta: EGC.
Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Banyuasin.Profil Kesehatan tahun 2021.
dr. Ratna Dewi Puspita Sari, S.Ked., Sp.OG dan dr. Arif Yudho Prabowo, S.Ked. 2018. Buku Ajar Perdarahan Pada Kehamilan. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung.
Dwi desyanti. 2017. Faktor - faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian abortus di rumah sakit umum pku muhammadiyah bantul tahun 2016. Fakultas ilmu kesehatan universitas ‘aisyiyah yogyakarta 2017.
Indra Aprianti. 2022. Karakteristik Faktor Resiko Kejadian Abortus di RSIA Sitti Khadijah1 Makasar 2022. Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Unifersitas Muslim Indonesi.
Isnainah. 2023 Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Dengan Kejadian abortus Di RSUD DR.. H. Moch Ansari Saleh Banjar Masin Tahun 2023. Poltekes Kemenkes Banjar Masin.
Khofifah Farawansya. Dkk. 2021. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan Kejadian Abortus di rumah sakit Muhammadiyah Palembang tahun 2021.Universitas Kader Bangsa:621-625.
kemenkes 2021. (t.t.). Kemenkes RI. 2021. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2020. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.
Linda yanti.2018. Faktor determinan kejadian abortus pada ibu hamil: case control study. Jurnal ilmiah ilmu-ilmu kesehatan, vol 16 no 2, agustus 2018.
Nirma Surya Utami1. (2021). faktor yang memengaruhi kejadian abortus di rumah sakit umum imelda pekerja indonesia medan tahun 2020.
Rencana kerja dinas kesehatan provinsi sumatera selatan dinas kesehatan provinsi sumatera selatan tahun 2019. File:///c:/users/amdagres2/downloads/2-119014-2tahunan-330.pdf.
Sari, Marisa Hartika (2020) Hubungan Usia dan Paritas Ibu Hamil Dengan Kejadian Abortus Inkomplit di RSUD Tengku Rafi'an Siak Tahun 2019. Other thesis, Universitas Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai.
Published
2024-01-28